Shalom J. Wind

Adjunct Professor and Senior Research Scientist

Applied Physics
1020 CEPSR
Mail Code: 8903
New York, NY 10027

Research Specialty

My current research is aimed at exploring functional electronic devices operating at molecular dimensions, with the ultimate limit being a transistor in which the key element is a single molecule. From a scientific point of view, devices this small represent the ultimate in scaling, which is the process of miniaturization that has made today’s computers and electronic devices so powerful and pervasive. Finding ways to make these transistors and understanding the underlying physics of their behavior can help determine just how far transistor miniaturization can go. In addition, because of their small size, these devices are expected to display unique electronic properties. Developing the tools and techniques to contact and manipulate such small objects also offers us new opportunities to explore systems on the biomolecular scale.

The work focuses on:

Experimental study of single molecule transistors
Carbon nanotube synthesis and electronic device integration
Biomolecular-scale nanofabrication

Biographical Sketch

Dr. Wind received his B.A. degree in Physics from Yeshiva University and his M.Phil. and Ph.D. degrees in Physics from Yale University, where he studied electron quantum transport in metallic nanostructures. He joined IBM's Thomas J. Watson Research Center in 1987, following his doctoral studies. His work there focused primarily on the fabrication and study of nanostructures and nanodevices, including the first demonstration of a Coulomb blockade in a semiconductor system, fabrication of ultracompact silicon field-effect transistors, study of silicon devices near the limits of scaling, control of growth and self-assembly of semiconductor quantum dots, characterization of carbon nanotube field-effect transistors, controlled growth of carbon nanotubes for nanoelectronic applications, as well as the study of other novel electronic and magnetic nanoscale systems. He has also been active in the field of nanolithography, both in the application of lithography technologies to device fabrication, as well as in the development of innovative techniques in electron beam proximity effect correction. Dr. Wind joined Columbia University as a Senior Research Scientist in the Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics and as a member of the Center for Electron Transport in Molecular Nanostructures at Columbia University in 2003. He is a member of the APS and AAAS and a senior member of the IEEE.

Selected Publications

X. Guo, J. P. Small, J. E. Klare, Y. Wang, I. Tam, M. S. Purewal, B. H. Hong, R. Caldwell, L. Huang, S. O’Brien, J. Yan, R. Breslow, S. J. Wind, J. Hone, P. Kim, and C. Nuckolls, “Recognition and switching of molecules wired between carbon nanotube electrodes”, Science 311, 356-359 (2006).

J. Tang, Y. Wang, C. Nuckolls, S. J. Wind, “Chemically responsive molecular transistors fabricated by self-aligned lithography and chemical self-assembly”, accepted for publication in J. Vac. Sci. Technol.

O. Cherniavskaya, C. J. Chen, E. Heller, E. Sun, J. Provezano, L. Kam, J. Hone, M. P. Sheetz, and S. J. Wind, “Fabrication and surface chemistry of nanoscale bioarrays for the study of cytoskeletal protein binding interactions and their effect on cell motility”, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 23, 2972-2978 (2005).

S. J. Wind, J. Appenzeller, and Ph. Avouris, “Lateral scaling in carbon nanotube field-effect transistors”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 058301/1-4 (2003).

S. J. Wind, J. Appenzeller, R. Martel, V. Derycke, and Ph. Avouris, “Vertical scaling of carbon nanotube field-effect transistors using top gate electrodes”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3817-3819 (2002).

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